Study after Betty Woodman, 2020

Study after Betty Woodman, 2020, Oil and graphite on Yupo, 60" x 60"

Betty Woodman built a ceramic world where solid authority eased itself into graceful explorations of space. She stuck tables, walls, and vessels together in Baroque simultaneity. Copper green met Asian ladies and pitchers shaped like pillows. Betty Woodman was a reprimand to painters.

Blue Landscape with Plums, 2019

Blue Landscape with Plums, 2019, Oil and acrylic on Yupo, 40" x 52"

On the skirt of the tablecloth appears a landscape like ones on Chinese porcelains, where islands dot a wide river. Each island is inhabited by houses or temples, scholars or laborers, as if it were a vision of existence. Everybody working at the business of life. Above the river world, on what might be the tabletop, freshly picked leaves stand in a glass jar. A pair of plums has been set down. They could be the dark, double moon high above the blue river. Around the table, a sturdy, green and ochre tangle clings to the table’s edges.

“Everything stays close to what keeps it
content, no idea what others may crave.”

From “Enjoying Pine and Bamboo” by Po-Chü-I, translated by David Hinton

Garden House, 2019

Garden House, 2019, Oil and acrylic on Yupo, 60" x 60"

A yellow tulip lies where it was thrown down on the table in this dim room. Someone, perhaps a gardener, has left pink jars, ochre-printed cloth, and handfuls of flowers on the table of dark wood. In this small house, the cloudy glass has a pattern of starflowers. The brown bird, whose portrait is painted on the pink jars, is a guide who says: “Things become apparent.” This bird comes from the notes of Kiki Smith, in her prose poem “The House.”

Garden House was a temporary, one-day installation in Kiki Smith’s exhibition Her Home, 2008, Museum Haus Esters, Krefeld, and 2008, Kunsthalle Nuremberg.
The small house held puppets, dolls, and wreaths.

Table with Bonnard, 2019

Table with Bonnard, 2019, Oil and acrylic on Yupo, 64.5" x 60"

In my half-imaginary studio, great works of art can loom above the table, where a dog from a Vuillard is allowed, and where the distance between near and far is a matter of scale and shape more than of color. At the edge of the table, the tonalist and the colorist touch and almost agree.

In the Kimbell Museum in Fort Worth is Pierre Bonnard’s Landscape at Le Cannet, 1928. I am pretending, in my painting, that Bonnard’s grand, 109” work has come to my studio. While it is there, behind the table, I remember the Vuillard painting Studio Portrait of Pierre Bonnard, painted between 1930 and 1935. Vuillard painted his friend Bonnard standing in his studio gazing at Landscape at Le Cannet, the light behind him, and his shadow falling over his dog, who sits on a divan between Bonnard and his painting.

Shepherd Bowl, 2019

Shepherd Bowl, 2019, Oil and acrylic on Yupo, 26" x 40"

On the very large, pale terracotta bowl in the studio, the unknown ceramist has drawn, in thick gray lines, a shepherd. There is a shepherd like this by a follower of Brueghel in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. He climbs up into a tangled wilderness; he looks back at his sheep grazing among the trees. Outside the bowl is the world that the shepherd could enter – the rough yellow grass, the curtain of green foliage, and the indigo sky.

Sculpture Garden with Willow, 2015

Sculpture Garden with Willow, 2015, Oil on Yupo, 26” x 40”

In a sculpture garden, one comes around a corner and discovers a surprise. This time it is a memory of a Barry Flanagan, my own version, not a real Barry Flanagan. All his hares are wildly funny and biting, partly human. I like to think that this hare’s gaze is focused on some other sculpture, around that corner, beyond the pale chocolate grotto. Or is the hare twisting toward us, wanting to see the bright willow? The young willow hunches in its yellow sweep of branches. Closer, the spreading cedar has overgrown it soft, old stone planter.

Collage: Maun Elephant, 2018

Maun Elephant, 2018, Oil paint on Yupo cut-outs, stapled, 26" x 40"

Maun Elephant

Like most of my collages, Maun Elephant is cut from Yupo and stapled to Yupo. Because glue is not as lasting as a strong pin, I hold the collages together with stainless steel staples. I’m not hiding this process; the staples are undisguised. The colors in these collages come from oil, acrylic, ink, and graphite painted on sheets that were then sacrificed to the scissors. The method of cutting has to be straightforward – continuous and usually counterclockwise around the outside edge of the form. This is drawing rather than surface molding. The open and commonplace manufacture shows. It is not my tricks in performance that matter, it is the way we read the path of the line. If the raw nature of it annoys you, that’s the beginning of enjoying it.


Maun Elephant is in admiration of my friend Debra Stevens and her Elephant Havens project in Botswana.

What Bill Jack calls my Vexatious way of painting

Garden with Plaster Head, 2016, Oil, graphite, and ink on Yupo, 26" x 80"

Garden with Plaster Head


My friend, the polymath writer Bill Jack (MA, PhD, JD, MLIS), said to me recently:

“Your paintings are like Russian novels.  So much is going on but yet not going on simultaneously.  Easy things are made difficult, difficult things made easy.  The painting is vexatious, as they might say down your way but not up my way.”

No one has called my work vexatious down my way yet, but it’s time. The word is apt. It may be vexatious to see things joined visually that are not joined conventionally. Or it may be vexatious to find the materials so blatantly showing off their material natures. I want to cooperate with materials to make images. The materials, older and wiser than I am, have their own demands and beauty, beyond what I know to concoct.

Drawing and painting are holding each other tightly, constantly interfering with each other. It’s not that drawing is first and painting is last. It is not exactly that drawing is the truth and painting is the lie that we prefer. It is not at all that drawing is the outline and painting is the coloring-in. The two acts, drawing and painting get in each other’s way at every moment. My paintings are the plays that drawing and painting put on in ideas and colored mud. The animal or the field or rock, like an actor on our stage, comes down to the footlights and tells us that drawing and painting have made this happen for a reason. These paintings tell the story of their own making.

Detail from Albers House, 2014

detail from Albers House


Cheetah Garden, 2016, Oil and graphite on Yupo, 40" x 52”

Cheetah Garden

Six Postcard Stories

Dust Storm, 2017, Oil on Yupo, 40” x 78”

Dust Storm, 2017


The Building for Archives of the United States of America is not big enough, one would think, for the archives. And so, I am sure, it is just the top four floors of a building which may be ten or twenty stories underground. This building is, then, a Roman style cornice on a rectangular, shaft-like form buried in the ground. The muzzle that protrudes from this cornice, the entrance, is a Corinthian temple of eight mighty columns. No flag is flying from the flagpole, no cars, no pedestrians nearby. Perhaps it is the set before the play of history begins.

The horses on the bluegrass farm had a way of matching their shadows to those of the oaks that dotted the land. The long nets of shadow cast by the live oaks slid around the grass in fancy patterns, sometimes resembling characters in The Yellow Submarine, sometimes the worn cloth of old flags. But the horse shadows were as varied as the shadows of puppets skilled tricksters throw on walls. The horses could make steam shovels, Giacometti Walking Men, bar graphs, and Thanksgiving turkeys. They knew it and were proud of their mastery.

Even fake moonlight is moonlight. The spattered pattern of shadow cast in a color unlike the colors of day. Light and dark within darkness make the world intimate. The United States Capitol in this moonlight is sweet as a wedding cake. On this night I am the only visitor, apparently, yet every light is on inside every window, pale yellow against the white light cast by the moon. The sounds of the night and the loneliness of seeing this ought to drive me to seek a place where other people gather. Are they all inside? But I would rather be here, in cobalt and white marble, and the moon and liberty regarding one another.

He is taller than all the distant hills, the man standing in the big freight wagon, holding the reins of the two draft horses. Far away are water towers and trees, and telegraph poles. On the short grass someone has left a white canvas folded, a blanket, a plan, a survey, a shroud, or a cowl. Are they casting fire hydrants? Or are they building the tomb of a Chinese emperor?

Like a bulky matron, sweeping along two identical daughters, the building of the Field Museum in Chicago stalks her ground. Two arms of columns reach out to end in identical pavilions. It is most like a Russian creation aping a French creation aping a Roman creation aping a Persian creation via the tutorial of the Greeks. It is grand lace with a freight of meaning. And the meaning is power. The power is real, no matter how idiotic it is by this late date.

Three beautiful young women were staying at the Bangor Lodge that summer, two brunettes and a blonde. The woods around the lake richly shadowed them in green. The women came down the hill from the lodge, whose awnings were striped in green and white. They sat on the beach on wooden chairs. It was their vacation. All the trees leaned in one direction — to the right.

Teaching and Painting

Spill, 2011, Oil and graphite on Yupo, 26” x 40”

Spill, 2011


Mark Strand was speaking about ideas of poetry. It must have been the late 1990’s. Form, he said, was a great word, of so many meanings, that it could be apparently opposite things. It could mean structure, composition, framework, clarity. It could just as well mean essence. That might be the fundamental inner reality, the enduring, the necessary, the substance. By 2000, Mark Strand had published this statement in “Notes on the Craft of Poetry,” The Weather of Words: Poetic Invention, (New York: Alfred A. Knopf), p. 69. At first, I thought Mark Strand might be, for a moment, remembering what it was like to be an existentialist (talking about physical essence as against the essence of a being).

But, quickly, as it happens when significant things have been said, I understood his concept of form as a concept of unity. I understood it applied to my work. A part of my work has always been organization and analysis. Structures suggested themselves from the placement of objects in rooms, from works of art, and from the tangles of landscape. Underlying any image was a geometric structure. And another part of my work has been that of seeking the ideas, intents, desires, wit, and experience of a place – the genius loci. I have tried to show how the vegetative landscape regards itself. If form, for a poet, could be both structure and essence, it could be so for a painter.

Form in my most recent work includes moments of color navigation, the sort of “second navigation by color” spoken of by Derrida in Truth in Painting. A small work, like Breton Yellow, asserts, I think, a strong, rather weedy, architecture, and then asks the eye to ponder changes in blues – their degrees of saturation, their textures, and their values.

Chevaux-de-frise and Zebra Drive contain similar concerns in red and its possibilities, though Zebra Drive seems impossible to render correctly on browser pages. As to the genius loci in these works, certainly Chevaux-de-frise is the most blatant; it rather repels in the same way that glass shards do on the top of a wall.

Looking back on past work – collage in 1999 and 2000, more geometric painting in 1996 to 2000, more observational landscapes in the early 1990’s – I find images that establish an architecture of the painted surface followed by works that assume that order with more daring and trust. This latter shows itself collages such as Arno and Bisenzio. I think that the best of my students develop an order for their paintings that is entirely personal, deliberate, and resilient enough to flout. That sort of order is one of the things I teach.

I was rather shocked, at age ten, to find that there were jobs for adults that entailed no teaching duties. While I was always some kind of painter, teaching is the invisible inner framework of my life. I assumed that taking up a profession meant teaching it as well. This idea of a separation of teaching into a segregated act seemed risky to me. Certainly the matter, or skill, or discipline or truth had control over the way it could be taught. Rowing a boat takes a different kind of teaching from the playing of poker.

At that age, I found that one could make an adult define a word by asking him or her how it might be taught. Patriotism: how do you teach patriotism? Love of country, defense of it, loyalty to it, how can they be taught? If you say it cannot be taught, but just occurs, you may not know what teaching is. Even at age ten, I would have said patriotism is taught, by every connivance, in every nation. A range of great interests, feelings, and traditions prompt the citizens of a nation to engage in teaching one another patriotism. You might, indeed, give the name Patriotism to the interests, feelings and traditions that teach more patriotism. I was pretty sure that the matter being taught moves the teacher to engage the student in its service. I may have been wrong, but I was pretty sure.

There are two things I see when a student is drawing well (therefore, having learned, to some extent, to draw: attention accumulating over time, and pleasure. A drawing is not a single observation, but hundreds of them, or thousands. That means that the thing drawn and the drawing have moved tog ether in time. This shifting changes both things. And the drawing is a bit of time travel. A drawing is a thing that reveals time, in that the field of the drawing usually remains open so that the delicate shifts show all the way through. The act of accumulating the moments of attention, called drawing, causes, in the person enacting it, an increasing urgency and focus. The moments of making changes and making satisfying physical realities entice the artist to keep on. It is pleasure.

I teach drawing by enlisting the student into the legacy of pleasurably attentive people who make drawings. Drawing itself is likely to enlist the student over a long period; and knowledge of great drawings is an enticement. Rembrandt or Piranesi or Cézanne allow at the same time that they admonish. But the real pleasure can be caught when the student finds a personal need to get something just as he/she wants it, just as it ought to be, over time. To get to this, the student must adopt a discipline (the right materials, the right light, the right stance, and the isolation of thought). The student must belong to the work of drawing. The teacher encourages the discipline until it is natural. When the discipline is easy, then the work may be real and interesting. When the work is interesting, the teacher says so and says why. The teacher brings the student’s work back to the realm of great drawings, and questions it there. The teacher is the first one to make the assumption that the work must be in the realm of real drawings. To keep one’s work in that realm is to work pleasurably over time, to work with great drawings and against them. In the realm of real drawings, time reveals itself, and the finest things may be noticed.